The Latest Nobel Prize in Physics


Earlier this year, the Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three men: Alain Aspect, John Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. These men proved a long-standing theorem that now shapes the way science views the universe’s properties. They proved Bell’s Theorem, a theory proposed by John Bell intended to further prove quantum mechanics and resolve philosophical questions introduced by Einstien, Podolsky and Rosen (three influential theoretical physicists in the 1930s) in their paper entitled, “Can [a] Quantum-Mechanical Description of Reality Be Considered Complete?EPR argued that the actions of one particle cannot instantaneously impact another via entanglement. This paper, and argument, stood to counter and question quantum mechanics for thirty years until Bell devised a theorem; it would prove that particles can instantaneously impact one another over long distances if an inequality is invalid. To test the validity of Bell’s theorem, Aspect, Clauser and Zeilinger ran several experiments over the course of decades. They tested if particles could communicate and impact each other. After much analysis, deduction and calculation, they determined that their results invalidated Bell’s inequality. This means that entangled particles do, in fact, have a relationship that acts instantaneously, faster than light.